Genesis of Bitola

Following the historic facts about the creation and existence of the settlements in this region we will have to go way back where even that sentence in the stories “Once upon a time…” has real meaning and content.

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Bitola during Ottoman rule

The coming of the Turkish conquerers to the Balkans, announced a new era of life. The Turkish army during 1382/3, after many hard and bloody battles, and after an extremely violent resistance by the local population, finally managed to conquer Bitola. According to some of the legends, the priests from the seventy monasteries and churches that in the same period existed in Bitola gave a very violent resistance to the Turkish soldiers. Hadji Evronos Bej, who led the Turkish army ordered his army to destroy the fortress of Bitola because of this violent resistance.

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Bitola in the Balkan wars

Балкански војни
Првата Балканска војна, засекогаш ставила крај на петвековното турско владеење во Битола и Македонија. По неа следувала Втората Балканска Војна, така што светлината на ослободувањето била со краток век затоа што едното ропство било заменето со друго. Прокламирајќи се како ослободители српските војски набрзо ги покажале своите вистински територијални аспирации. Со поделбата на Македонија и со поставувањето на границите со Грција дошло до значителен застој и постепено замирање на трговските врски кои Битола ги имала со Солун а оддтаму и со останатите европски центри. Сосема брзо една окупација станува заменета со нова.

The first Balkan War forever ended the five-century-long Turkish ruling of Bitola and Macedonia. But the light of the liberation was not yet to come because one slavery was exchanged with the other. Proclaiming themselves liberators, the Serbian army very soon showed their real territorial aspirations.

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Bitola in the First and Second World War

The Bulgarian occupations endured in Bitola only one year, and in 1916 Bitola once more, fell under the authority of the Antanta (Italy, England, Russia and Serbia). The army of the alliance in this period occupied the city putting the front line against the Central Forces, near Bitola. This way once more Bitola remained in the centre of the events, and in the middle of the war and terror. This situation reflected extremely negatively in all the spheres of the existence of the city and its population.

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Bitola after the liberation

With the ending of the Second World War it came to the dramatic changes in all the aspects of human life. The long expected liberation finally arrived in Bitola, and the many years of wars finally ended.

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